What types of cannabis extractions are there?
Cannabis extractions are processes that are used to concentrate the cannabinoids of the plant and discard as much plant material as possible. Hashish and BHO are extractions, but there is a big difference between the two that you may not know
Among the mechanical techniques we find artistic processes such as dry extraction with sieve screens, a widespread method for making hashish all over the world; the Ice-o-later technique, also dry but this time with ice; or the Fresh Frozen, made from the frozen plant without drying. In recent times, other methods such as Rosin-Tech have become fashionable, for which only a hair straightener and baking paper are needed.
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On the other hand, chemical extractions include the use of a substance that acts as a solvent. Chemical extraction techniques usually achieve a purity of cannabinoids superior to that of mechanical methods. This is the case BHO, which uses butane to carry out THC extractions that exceed 60% concentration. Also included in this classification are extractions with ethanol to make therapeutic tinctures.
Cannabis extraction techniques explained step by step.
The list of techniques is long, and most processes can be carried out at home if one has the necessary materials. But beware, in the case of chemical extractions you have to be careful with what solvents we use and make sure they do not contain toxic substances because these can end up in the removal that we will consume.
This year, the Camano publishing house, together with Medical Seeds, published a book that includes all the extraction techniques explained step by step.
Sativa, Indica or Ruderalis variety
Cannabis has been cultivated to smoke it, use it for medical purposes and to alter the user’s perception of the world around him from at least 2800 BC according to the United States Department of Agriculture (7000 BC if you believe in some authorities accredited in marijuana).
The United States Department of Agriculture distinguishes all varieties of THC-producing plants under the common generic name of cannabis. Under this heading, the Department classifies two subtypes of cannabis: hemp and marijuana.
Hemp (Cannabis Ruderalis), which they call “wild maria” is a subspecies defined by its commercial value for its string fiber derived from the mature stems of male plants. According to the United States Department of Agriculture, the “wild Marie” has a low THC content and does not serve to smoke.
It can be said that the experts who wrote the report are not marijuana growers; careful pruning is a technique that I have always used to increase the THC content of plants. (My theory is that, like the oils produced by catnip and other mint leaves, THC is an insect repellent whose concentration increases in the plant in response to a perceived attack). A plant that reaches maturity without care will produce flowers or buds of its kind but if this plant has not been sufficiently attacked by insects (or pruned sensibly) to make it grow stronger, but without slowing its growth, its buds will be weak and probably will not be very powerful.
Cannabis was growing on a roadside in southern Indiana, will have the optimal conditions under which you can achieve height and maximize the distance at which seeds and pollen can spread and is probably not at risk. By the predators of the plant. It will grow tall and strong but will not produce a large number of branches, which would be transformed into a high set of leaves and buds, and will have little or no need to protect themselves from predators by increasing THC levels in their tissues.
When we talk about cannabis, the majority thinks about the psychedelic effect and many times it is not like that since wild marijuana usually contains a percentage of 0.5 to 5% of THC, this percentage varies depending on the climatology of the area to develop one way or another.
Industrial hemp contains much lower percentages; this is because to be commercialized, the rate of THC cannot increase by 0.2%.
Marijuana for recreational or medicinal use
Marijuana for recreational or medicinal use already changes their percentages, for recreational use we can find varieties of high THC percentages of 25 or 27% THC, although these percentages are not going to be taken from all the specimens that are cultivated of that variety. For medical use 1: 1 ratios are being used, this means that the percentages of two THC and CBD cannabinoids are balanced, being able to take advantage of the medicinal properties of both.
Cannabis Sativa Subspecies Indica:
Cannabis indica is a species of Cannabis, coming from the areas near the southern hemisphere. Indica
Varieties have very recognizable characteristics:
- They do not grow as much as Sativas varieties
- They tend to be wider, more shrubby
- Rapid flowering (learn more about this stage in “Marijuana flowering” )
- Bigger buds, dense and hard
- Higher content in THC (16% -20%)
- More narcotic effect
Cannabis Sativa Subspecies Sativa:
This subspecies of cannabis is native to Asia, Africa, and America. In each region due to climate and other factors have characteristics of each region. But in general, the Sativa species have certain common features, which are:
- Rapid growth (check out “Growth in cannabis cultivation” )
- High-altitude range
- Long intermodal distance
- Long branches
- System of broad roots
- Large leaves of narrow leaflets
- Scarce and not very compact flowers
- Late blooming depending on the variety
Cannabis Sativa Subspecies Ruderalis:
Cannabis sativa ruderalis in a subspecies of Sativa cannabis, native to Siberia and northern latitudes.
In recent years there has been a great interest in cannabis culture on these varieties, because when crossing a ruderalis with an indicator, we obtain more psychoactive plants with a high THC content, with a very short flowering and growth period. Because of this, we can make more than one harvest a year with these varieties. For outdoor growing in Spain, the best month to start in June, because it is when we have more daylight hours.
PHYSIOLOGY OF CANNABIS:
In a herbaceous plant, of the family cannabaceae, with psychoactive properties. Dioecious, annual and dicotyledonous grass that can reach up to almost 4 meters in height depending on the variety. The leaves in the lower part are opposite while in the upper part they are alternate, they have a palmitocomposed form with free or persistent stipules.
Anomofilas flowers decline Monica’s or dioicous; The male flowers, branched, paniculiform and with many flowers. They are staminate flowers with five sepals, five stamina antisepalos, pollen triporado, rarely 2, 4, six tornados. The female flowers are more compact, pistillate with a tubular, membranous, short chalice that encloses the ovary with two carpels joined together forming a unilocular ovary with two elongated stigmas; solitary and atrophic seminal primordia.
Male plants are usually taller than females to be able to spread pollen above them at the time of pollination, while male plants are also less robust than female plants.
Male plants with stamens are also known as “staminate” and females have pistils and are called “pistillate.”
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