When we talk about cannabis, the majority thinks about the psychedelic effect and many times it is not like that since wild marijuana usually contains a percentage of 0.5 to 5% of THC, this percentage varies depending on the climatology of the area to develop one way or another.
Industrial hemp contains much lower percentages; this is because to be commercialized, the rate of THC cannot increase by 0.2%.
Marijuana for recreational or medicinal use
Marijuana for recreational or medicinal use already changes their percentages, for recreational use we can find varieties of high THC percentages of 25 or 27% THC, although these percentages are not going to be taken from all the specimens that are cultivated of that variety. For medical use 1: 1 ratios are being used, this means that the percentages of two THC and CBD cannabinoids are balanced, being able to take advantage of the medicinal properties of both.
Cannabis Sativa Subspecies Indica:
Cannabis indica is a species of Cannabis, coming from the areas near the southern hemisphere. Indica
Varieties have very recognizable characteristics:
- They do not grow as much as Sativas varieties
- They tend to be wider, more shrubby
- Rapid flowering (learn more about this stage in “Marijuana flowering” )
- Bigger buds, dense and hard
- Higher content in THC (16% -20%)
- More narcotic effect
Cannabis Sativa Subspecies Sativa:
This subspecies of cannabis is native to Asia, Africa, and America. In each region due to climate and other factors have characteristics of each region. But in general, the Sativa species have certain common features, which are:
- Rapid growth (check out “Growth in cannabis cultivation” )
- High-altitude range
- Long intermodal distance
- Long branches
- System of broad roots
- Large leaves of narrow leaflets
- Scarce and not very compact flowers
- Late blooming depending on the variety
Cannabis Sativa Subspecies Ruderalis:
Cannabis sativa ruderalis in a subspecies of Sativa cannabis, native to Siberia and northern latitudes.
In recent years there has been a great interest in cannabis culture on these varieties, because when crossing a ruderalis with an indicator, we obtain more psychoactive plants with a high THC content, with a very short flowering and growth period. Because of this, we can make more than one harvest a year with these varieties. For outdoor growing in Spain, the best month to start in June, because it is when we have more daylight hours.
PHYSIOLOGY OF CANNABIS:
In a herbaceous plant, of the family cannabaceae, with psychoactive properties. Dioecious, annual and dicotyledonous grass that can reach up to almost 4 meters in height depending on the variety. The leaves in the lower part are opposite while in the upper part they are alternate, they have a palmitocomposed form with free or persistent stipules.
Anomofilas flowers decline Monica’s or dioicous; The male flowers, branched, paniculiform and with many flowers. They are staminate flowers with five sepals, five stamina antisepalos, pollen triporado, rarely 2, 4, six tornados. The female flowers are more compact, pistillate with a tubular, membranous, short chalice that encloses the ovary with two carpels joined together forming a unilocular ovary with two elongated stigmas; solitary and atrophic seminal primordia.
Male plants are usually taller than females to be able to spread pollen above them at the time of pollination, while male plants are also less robust than female plants.
Male plants with stamens are also known as “staminate” and females have pistils and are called “pistillate.”